Dubrovnik (Latin and Italian=Ragusa) is the southern Croatian city. It is the administrative center of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County and one of the most important historic and touristic destinations in Croatia. According to the 2001 census, Dubrovnik had 43,770 residents, as opposed to 49,728 residents in the list from the year 1991.
In 1979, Dubrovnik has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage list.
The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as a part of the Republic of Dubrovnik, the city became the only city-state on the east coast of the Adriatic as a rival to Venice. Thanks to its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16 century. Dubrovnik was one of the centers of development of Croatian language and literature, home to many notable Croatian poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.